Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is the financial capital of India and one of the most crowded urban areas in the world, with a population of nearly 19 million people. According to one United Nations estimate, Mumbai will become the second largest city in the world after Tokyo by 2025.
As famous as Mumbai is for Bollywood and global business, the megacity is also known for its slums and shantytowns, where more than half of citydwellers live. This creates problems of poor sanitation and crime, as well as causes difficulty in constructing clear and safe transportation corridors.
Most Mumbai residents use public transportation, and compared to people in other major Indian cities, are less likely to own vehicles. The city’s suburban railway system, which covers 319 kilometers, has the highest passenger density in the world, with 6.3 million commuters traveling everyday. Mumbai is currently developing a metro and monorail system to accommodate the increasing population, higher travel demand and narrow road networks.
The video below explains the importance of auto rickshaws in a city like Mumbai: